Mobility as a Service

Ride-Hailing, Carsharing, Vehicle Subscriptions, E-Scooter Sharing, and E-Bike Sharing: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

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Pages: 55
Tables, Charts,
     & Figures:
26
Publication Date: 4Q19
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The global population is moving into and near cities, with the majority of people now living in urban areas. This closer proximity between where people live, work, and play is putting a strain on transportation infrastructure and transit systems and has created demand for services that enable people to forego using their own vehicles and instead share transportation services with others. Mobility as a service (MaaS) programs provide on-demand access to four-wheel and two-wheel vehicles to more efficiently and cost-effectively travel in urbanized areas.

Automotive companies, startups, traditional car rental agencies, and technology companies are creating MaaS offerings, including ride-hailing (ridesharing), carsharing, vehicle subscriptions, and shared e-scooter and e-bike programs. During the past 5-10 years, MaaS programs have empowered people to give up or delay vehicle purchases and rely on shared vehicles for their commute and leisure travel needs. Ride-hailing has become a common method of everyday travel for travelers of any age, though younger people (less than 40 years old) are more likely to appreciate the benefits of MaaS. Tractica expects the global market for MaaS to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 24.0% to become a $563.3 billion market by 2025.

This Tractica report highlights how MaaS programs such as carsharing and ride-hailing are reaching maturity in their breadth of offerings and business models while two-wheel vehicle sharing and vehicle subscription services are still in their infancy. The report contextualizes how millennials and later generations who grow up in the shared economy will forego vehicle ownership and drive the continued expansion of MaaS. It contrasts the competitive advantages and limitations of each MaaS category and highlights the major regional and global players. Finally, Tractica provides global and regional 2019-2025 revenue forecasts for ride-hailing, carsharing, vehicle subscriptions, and shared e-scooters and e-bikes.

Key Questions Addressed:

  • How will MaaS programs compete with and complement each other to provide a full suite of mobility service options?
  • What regional differences have created varying demand for MaaS around the world?
  • How will market maturity affect demand for emerging electric two-wheel shared vehicles?
  • How has the regulatory environment reacted to the mostly unfettered entrance of MaaS within the urban core?
  • What decisions will MaaS operators have to make to reach profitability?
  • How will the trends in personal vehicle ownership affect demand for MaaS?
  • What are the limits to growth for each MaaS category?

Who Needs This Report?

  • Transportation network companies
  • Two-wheel EV suppliers
  • Automotive manufacturers
  • Mobility service providers
  • Automotive dealers
  • Mobility app developers
  • Transportation managers
  • Government agencies
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

  1. Executive Summary
    1. Introduction
    2. Market Issues
    3. Mobility as a Service Applications Defined
      1. Ride-Hailing
      2. Carsharing
      3. Vehicle Subscription Services
      4. E-Scooter Sharing
      5. E-Bike Sharing
    4. Market Forecasts
  2. Market Issues
    1. Ride-Hailing Services
    2. Carsharing Services
      1. Business Models
    3. Vehicle Subscription Services
    4. Two-Wheel Electromobility
      1. E-Scooter Sharing
      2. E-Bike Sharing
    5. Market Drivers
      1. Urbanization and Traffic Congestion
      2. Environmental Concerns
      3. Health Concerns
      4. Convenience
      5. Cost
    6. Market Barriers
      1. Low Cost Competition
      2. Safety
      3. Consumer Acceptance
      4. Participation of the Unbanked
      5. Ride-Hailing Driver Minimum Wages
      6. Dealer Acceptance of Mobility
      7. Managing Traffic Impact
    7. Regulatory and Policy Issues
      1. Road/Sidewalk Usage and Parking
      2. Taxes and Fees
  3. Technology Issues
    1. Software Platforms for Managing Vehicles
    2. Blockchain
    3. Wireless Technology
    4. Vehicle Electrification
    5. Automated Vehicle Technology
    6. Vehicle Design
  4. Key Industry Players
    1. Amber Mobility
    2. Avis Budget Group/Zipcar
    3. Bird
    4. Bolloré/Blue Solutions
    5. Clutch Technologies
    6. DiDi Chuxing
    7. Enterprise Holdings
    8. Fair
    9. Flexdrive
    10. Ford
    11. General Motors
    12. Getaround
    13. Gett
    14. GIG Car Share
    15. Grab
    16. HERE Mobility
    17. HIGH MOBILITY
    18. HyreCar
    19. Lime
    20. Lyft
    21. Ridecell
    22. Sixt
    23. Tesla
    24. Toyota/MONET Technologies
    25. Turo
    26. Uber
    27. Volkswagen/MOIA
    28. Vulog
    29. Waymo
    30. YOUR NOW
    31. Zoox
    32. Additional Industry Participants
  5. Market Forecasts
    1. Mobility as a Service
    2. Ride-Hailing
    3. Carsharing
    4. Vehicle Subscriptions
    5. E-Scooter Sharing
    6. E-Bike Sharing
    7. Conclusions and Recommendations
  6. Company Directory
  7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
  8. Table of Contents
  9. Table of Charts and Figures
  10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

 

List of Charts, Figures, and Tables

Charts
  • Mobility as a Service Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Mobility as a Service Revenue by Service, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Ride-Hailing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Carsharing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Vehicle Subscriptions Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • E-Scooter Sharing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • E-Bike Sharing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
Figures
  • Ride-Hailing Popularity in the U.S.: 2015 and 2018
  • Carsharing in North America
  • Vehicle Subscription Programs
  • Micromobility in the U.S.
  • E-Scooter Docking Station
  • TomTom Traffic Index, 2018
  • GHG Emissions by Source, Europe: 1990-2014
  • Getaround App and Wireless Vehicle Unit
  • Charging EVs
  • Waymo One Automated Vehicle
  • MOIA +6
Tables
  • Mobility as a Service Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Mobility as a Service Revenue by Service, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Ride-Hailing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Carsharing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Vehicle Subscriptions Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • E-Scooter Sharing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • E-Bike Sharing Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2019-2025
  • Additional MaaS Industry Participants